A mother-centered evaluation of breast pumps
Date of Original Version
Existing literature outlines mothers' negative experiences with breast pumps, yet a gap exists of which breast pump characteristics are important to mothers. Identifying which breast pump characteristics are important to breast pumping mothers, and any variation between mothers who do or do not work outside of the home, will help identify user needs. A survey collected information on mothers' experiences with breast pumps and impressions of their characteristics. Latent Class Analysis (LCA) was used to determine whether there were possible groupings of impressions of these characteristics. The LCA identified a two-class model with mothers' age as a significant covariate. Portability, ease of use, low-weight, fast milk extraction, comfortability, low-noise, and discreet were all found to be important to one group of mothers, while only portability, ease of use, fast milk extraction, and comfortability were found to be important to another group of mothers. Mothers' work status was not a significant covariate but did predict class membership when considered as a grouping variable in conjunction with age. Breast pumping mothers' needs were found to differ based on their work status and age together, and collecting and considering these different needs is vital to creating redesigns that improve mothers’ breast pumping experience.
Bartels, Rachel L., Diane DiTomasso, and Gretchen A. Macht. "A mother-centered evaluation of breast pumps." Applied Ergonomics 88, (2020). doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2020.103123.