A blocking-free microfluidic fluorescence heterogeneous immunoassay for point-of-care diagnostics
Date of Original Version
In this article, a rapid, sensitive, and disposable microfluidic immunosensor is presented for point-of-care (POC) testing and clinical diagnosis. For the first time, the blocking process is eliminated from a microfluidic heterogeneous immunoassay by using protein A functionalized polydimethylsiloxane microchannels. The nonspecific binding of the assay is maintained around the chip background level by using a pair of antibodies with different affinity to protein A under optimized experimental conditions. C-reactive protein (CRP), a biomarker for inflammation and cardiovascular disease risk assessment, is selected as a model analyte to demonstrate the sensitivity of this blocking-free microfluidic heterogeneous immunoassay. A four parameter logistic function is used to model and assess the data. The limit of detection obtained is 0.54 μg/mL, which is lower than the cut-off value for clinical diagnosis. The overall assay is completed in 5 min. The protein A modified PDMS chips wet-stored at 4°C can maintain biofunctionality up to 14 months. The developed blocking-free microfluidic heterogeneous immunoassay will immediately provide benefits to most immunosensing microdevices targeted for POC diagnostics by shortening analysis time, simplifying fluid transportation, reducing sample consumption, and lowering waste generation. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Li, Peng, Alexander J. Sherry, Jairo A. Cortes, Constantine Anagnostopoulos, and Mohammad Faghri. "A blocking-free microfluidic fluorescence heterogeneous immunoassay for point-of-care diagnostics." Biomedical Microdevices 13, 3 (2011): 475-483. doi:10.1007/s10544-011-9515-9.