Intergranular crack tip oxidation mechanism in a nickel-based superalloy

Document Type


Date of Original Version



This paper is concerned with the intergranular crack tip oxidation mechanism in alloy 718 at elevated temperatures. The basic concept is based on the ability of the oxygen partial pressure to control the preferential formation of oxide layers at the crack tip. The time required to complete the build-up of the protective oxide type at the metal-oxide interface is considered a measure of the limits of the oxidation process. Identification by transmission electron microscopy of oxide scale formed along fracture surfaces during a low frequency fatigue crack process in alloy 718 at 650°C supports the proposed model concepts. An experimental program was carried out to investigate the role of passivation time in controlling the progressive process of crack tip oxidation. This was achieved by testing the influence of oxide buil-up during hold time at minimum load, as well as the effect of a minor high frequency cycle imposed on the hold time period. It was established that an increase in fatigue crack growth rate accompanies the increase in passivation time period. These results were interpreted on the basis of the oxidation formation concepts. © 1992.

Publication Title

Materials Science and Engineering A