Title

ELEVATED TEMPERATURE FATIGUE CRACK GROWTH IN ALLOY 718—PART II: EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND MATERIAL VARIABLES

Document Type

Article

Date of Original Version

1-1-1993

Abstract

Observations concerning the effects of the environment and material variables on the crack growth process in alloy 718 are reviewed and analyzed on the basis of deformation characteristics in the crack tip region. The review of the role of material variables has focused on the effects of chemical composition and microstructure parameters including precipitate size and morphology as well as grain size and morphology. These analyses have suggested that the governing mechanism at the crack tip is the degree of homogeneity of plastic deformation and associated slip density. For conditions promoting homogeneous plastic deformation, with a high degree of slip density, the environmental damage contribution is shown to be limited, thus permitting the dominance of cyclic damage effects which are characterized by a transgranular crack growth mode and a lower crack growth rate. Under conditions leading to inhomogeneous plastic deformation and lower slip density the crack tip damage is described in terms of grain boundary oxidation and related intergranular fracture mode. Considering that the crack growth damage mechanism in alloy 718 ranges from fully cycle dependent to fully environment dependent, conflicting experimental observations under different operating conditions are examined and a sensitizing approach is suggested to increase the alloy resistance to environmental effects. Copyright © 1993, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved

Publication Title

Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials & Structures

Volume

16

Issue

6

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