Computational analysis of heat transfer enchancement in square ducts with V-shaped ribs: Turbine blade cooling

Document Type


Date of Original Version



Experimental studies have revealed that both downstream and upstream pointing V-shaped ribs result in more heat transfer enhancement than transverse straight ribs in ducts. However, based on the available experimental results, contradiction exists whether the upstream or the downstream pointing V-shaped ribs orientation is superior for better enhancement in heat transfer. Further investigations are thus needed concerning the heat transfer and fluid flow phenomena in ducts with V-shaped ribs to clarify this. In the present investigation a numerical approach is taken and the heat and fluid flow is numerically simulated by a multi-block parallel 3D solver. For turbulence modeling, the v2 f-kε model is employed but results from previous EASM calculations are also considered in analyzing and attempting to understand the various experimental data. Large eddy simulations (LES) are also carried to evaluate the accuracy and reliability of the results of Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) methods and to understand the underlying physical phenomena. It is suggested that the discrepancy between the various experiments most probably is due to the measurement methods, or the number of sampling points. With the TC (thermocouples) technique, a few sampling points are not sufficient to represent the heat transfer behavior in V-shaped ribs, due to the uneven distribution of the heat transfer coefficients. Copyright © 2005 by ASME.

Publication Title

Journal of Heat Transfer