Date of Award


Degree Type

Major Paper

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Marine Affairs


Upstaged by a dramatic series of tanker accidents in the winter of 1976-77, the Carter Administration responded by meeting drama with drama - the President proposed a bold set of recommendations that, if adopted, would surely improve tanker safety but would, at the same time, impose considerable economic hardship on an already faltering tanker industry. The purpose of this study is to examine the specific construction and equipment requirements put forth in the Presidential Initiatives, as they later became known, and trace the modifications made to them before they were incorporated into the tanker safety laws of the U.S. and of the international maritime community.