Date of Award


Degree Type

Major Paper

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Marine Affairs


U.S.-Japan fisheries history spans over a half-century of controversy. A variety of developments have taken place over this period from past to present illustrating this point. This paper will present this subject in three parts, corresponding to the historical developments that have taken place. The saga begins with U.S. post-World War II aid in rebuilding the Japanese tuna, whaling and salmon fleets. Round two examines the rapid expansion of the Japanese utilization of Alaska pollock and the development of the surimi trawlers in the early 1960s. Finally, round three, which will encompass the majority of the subject matter discussed, begins with the creation of the U.S. 200-mile fishery zone in 1976 to the present, where 1984 brought the whaling showdown between the two nations; the closure of the Gulf of Alaska to the Japanese for a period of time; problems with salmon interceptions by the Japanese; and, increased State Department involvement in the fisheries area.