Date of Award


Degree Type

Major Paper

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Marine Affairs


A treaty setting the limit of territorial waters at twelve miles will probably be negotiated and accepted by most nations in the near future. In areas not involving straits, this limit will have both beneficial and harmful effects, but it appears to be the best solution that can be achieved. However, in order to ensure that confidence in the free use of the oceans is maintained, the United States should attempt to have included in the treaty a provision for a channel of high seas through international straits. Agreement to such a provision will be difficult to obtain and if agreement is not obtained, the United States should include, with its ratification of the treaty, a reservation concerning the illegality of any unilateral restriction to free use of straits by all nations.