Date of Award


Degree Type

Major Paper

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Marine Affairs


In 1972 Congress passed the Coastal Zone Management Act. Under Section 302 of the act Congress found that "there is a national interest in effective management, beneficial use, protection and development of the coastal zone." To this end, Congress in Section 303 declared that there is a national policy (a) to preserve, protect, develop and, where possible, to restore or enhance the resources of the nation's coastal zone for this and succeeding generations, (b) to encourage and assist the states to exercise effectively their responsibilities in the coastal zone through development and implementation of management programs to achieve wise use of the land and water resources of the coastal zone, giving full consideration to ecological, cultural, historic and aesthetic values as well as the needs for economic development, and (c) for all federal agencies engaged in programs affecting the coastal zone to cooperate and participate with state and local governments and regional agencies in effectuating the purposes of this title. In 1971, in advance of the Coastal Zone Management Act, Rhode Island created by legislative act the Coastal Resources Management Council (CRMC), with the mandate "to preserve, protect, develop and, where possible, restore the coastal resourcesof the state."