Document Type


Date of Original Version



The objective of the current study was to assess socioeconomic and demographic disparities in caregiving intensity among informal caregivers. Using a randomized, nationally representative sample of 1,014 adult child informal caregivers from Medicare enrollment databases, the associations between informal caregiving intensity and age, race/ethnicity, and income were examined using binary and ordinal logistic regression. Caregiving intensity varied by demographics. Activities of daily living (ADL) caregiving was highest among Black, non-Hispanic caregivers. Instrumental ADL caregiving and number of hours spent caregiving was highest in female and non-White caregivers. Although the overall association between caregiving intensity and income was not significant, when stratified by race/ethnicity, this association was positive for White caregivers and negative for non-White caregivers. Health care providers frequently interact with informal caregivers and should be aware of trends in caregiving and the needs and supports available to ameliorate caregiver burden. To protect caregivers, policies and programs should be designed to promote well-being and mitigate the potential harms of caregiving to health.