How do physical activity and health vary among younger, middle-aged, and older adults with and without disability?
Date of Original Version
Physical activity (PA) and health were compared in younger (YA; 18-44 years), middle-aged (MA; 45-64 years), and older (OA; ≥65 years) adults with disability (PWD), functional limitation (PFL), or without disability (PWoD). Disability occurred in YA (PWD: 2.3%; PFL: 14.3%), MA (PWD: 8.5%; PFL: 23.8%), and OA (PWD: 14.9%; PFL: 26.6%). Not meeting aerobic/musclestrengthening PA recommendations was frequent in YA (PWD: 50.7%; PFL: 42.5%; PWoD: 35.8%), MA (PWD: 56.7%; PFL: 44.0%; PWoD: 35.6%), and OA (PWD: 57.8%; PFL: 44.1%; PWoD: 33.1%). Among PWD, YA and MA met muscle, strengthening recommendations more frequently than did OA; PFL did more aerobic PA than PWD. The presence of chronic diseases, female gender, White race, lower education, and less income were associated with being PWD or PFL. Those with greater PA were less likely to be PWD or PFL. Results suggest increasing public health efforts to promote healthy lifestyles in MA and OA.
Publication Title, e.g., Journal
Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Kamil-Rosenberg, Shirit, Mary L. Greaney, Tsivia Hochman, and Carol E. Garber. "How do physical activity and health vary among younger, middle-aged, and older adults with and without disability?." Journal of Aging and Physical Activity 27, 2 (2019): 234-241. doi: 10.1123/japa.2017-0215.