Date of Original Version
Shallow, maritime cumuli are ubiquitous over much of the tropical oceans, and characterizing their properties is important to understanding weather and climate. The Rain in Cumulus over the Ocean (RICO) field campaign, which took place during November 2004–January 2005 in the trades over the western Atlantic, emphasized measurements of processes related to the formation of rain in shallow cumuli, and how rain subsequently modifies the structure and ensemble statistics of trade wind clouds. Eight weeks of nearly continuous S-band polarimetric radar sampling, 57 flights from three heavily instrumented research aircraft, and a suite of ground- and ship-based instrumentation provided data on trade wind clouds with unprecedented resolution. Observational strategies employed during RICO capitalized on the advances in remote sensing and other instrumentation to provide insight into processes that span a range of scales and that lie at the heart of questions relating to the cause and effects of rain from shallow maritime cumuli.
Rauber, R. M., Stevens, B., Ochs, H. T., III, Knight, C., Albrecht, B. A., Blyth, A. M., Fairall, C. W.,...Zuidema, P. (2007). Rain in Shallow Cumulus Over the Ocean: The RICO Campaign. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 88, 1912-1928. doi: 10.1175/BAMS-88-12-1912
Available at: https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-88-12-1912