Use of artemia as a food source for aquaculture

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Although Artemia has been known to man for centuries, its use as a food for the culture of larval organisms apparently began only in the 1930s, when several investigators found that it made an excellent food for newly hatched fish larvae. 1 - 3 As aquaculture developed in the 1960s and ’70s, the use of Artemia also became more widespread, due both to its convenience and to its nutritional value for larval organisms. The fact that Artemia dormant cysts can be stored for long periods in cans, then used as an off-the-shelf food requiring only 24 h of incubation makes them the most convenient, least labor-intensive, live food available for aquaculture. The nutritional value of Artemia, especially for marine organisms, is not constant, but varies both geographically and temporally. 4 During the last decade, however, both the causes of Artemia nutritional variability and methods to improve poorquality Artemia have been identified.

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Artemia Biology