Seasonal influence on phenolic-mediated antihyperglycemic properties of Canadian sugar and red maple leaves using in vitro assay models
Date of Original Version
Red and sugar maple leaves collected in the summer and fall from Canada, were evaluated for phenolic content, antioxidant, α-glucosidase, and α-amylase inhibitory activities variation. The phenolic contents of summer red maple leaves (RML-S) and summer sugar maple leaves (SML-S) were higher than red and sugar maple leaves collected in fall (RML-F and SML-F, respectively). HPLC analyses showed differences in phenolic compounds present in the SML samples compared to the RML samples. The extracts were assayed for yeast and rat α-glucosidase inhibitory activities. Both results showed that SML-S extracts had the highest inhibitory activity which could possibly be attributed to the unique phenolics present therein. Milder effects were observed in terms of α-amylase inhibitory activity, with RML-F having the highest inhibitory activity. These results suggest that maple tree leaf extracts may have potential for phenolic-mediated α-glucosidase inhibition, relevant to type 2 diabetes management, with SML-S extract having the highest bioactivity.
Publication Title, e.g., Journal
Food Science and Biotechnology
Apostolidis, Emmanouil, Liya Li, Bouhee Kang, Chong M. Lee, and Navindra P. P. Seeram. "Seasonal influence on phenolic-mediated antihyperglycemic properties of Canadian sugar and red maple leaves using in vitro assay models." Food Science and Biotechnology 21, 3 (2012). doi: 10.1007/s10068-012-0098-x.