Hsp70 and a 54 kDa protein (Osp54) are induced in salmon (Salmo salar) in response to hyperosmotic stress

Document Type


Date of Original Version



Hsp70 and a 54 kDa osmotic stress protein (osp54) were induced in isolated tissues of anadromous Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) upon exposure to hyperosmotic conditions. Incubation of branchial lamellae, hepatic tissue, and erythrocytes in medium supplemented with 200-600 mM NaCl dramatically reduced protein synthesis. Although general protein synthesis remained depressed following transfer of tissues from 450 mM supplemental NaCl to iso-osmotic medium, hsp70 was prominently induced in branchial lamellae and hepatic tissue. Accumulation of hsp70 mRNA and a decrease in actin mRNA suggest preferential upregulation of the hsp70 gene. Induction of osp54 was observed in branchial lamellae and erythrocytes, but not in hepatic tissue, during exposure to 75-125 mM supplemental NaCl. Use of glycerol in place of NaCl to create hyperosmotic conditions stimulated induction of hsp70 in branchial lamellae. Substitution with mannitol resulted in induction of osp54 in both branchial lamellae and erythrocytes. The solute-specific and temporal patterns of response suggest that hsp70 and osp54 might function in concert to restore osmotic homeostasis and renature proteins destabilized or denatured during the early stages of osmotic shock.

Publication Title, e.g., Journal

Journal of Experimental Zoology