Title

Dynamic Energy Management of a Microgrid Using Approximate Dynamic Programming and Deep Recurrent Neural Network Learning

Document Type

Article

Date of Original Version

7-1-2019

Abstract

This paper focuses on economical operation of a microgrid (MG) in real-time. A novel dynamic energy management system is developed to incorporate efficient management of energy storage system into MG real-time dispatch while considering power flow constraints and uncertainties in load, renewable generation and real-time electricity price. The developed dynamic energy management mechanism does not require long-term forecast and optimization or distribution knowledge of the uncertainty, but can still optimize the long-term operational costs of MGs. First, the real-time scheduling problem is modeled as a finite-horizon Markov decision process over a day. Then, approximate dynamic programming and deep recurrent neural network learning are employed to derive a near optimal real-time scheduling policy. Last, using real power grid data from California independent system operator, a detailed simulation study is carried out to validate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Publication Title

IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid

Volume

10

Issue

4

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