The Role of Subspace Estimation in Array Signal Processing

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Date of Original Version



Subspace-based algorithms for array signal processing typically begin with an eigenvalue decomposition of a sample covariance matrix. The eigenvectors are partitioned into two sets to get bases for signal and noise subspaces. However, the eigenvector subspace estimates are not the most accurate estimates obtainable from the data. Accuracy is defined here in terms of an intrinsic Cramer-Rao (CR) bound. A closed-form (non-iterative) algorithm that achieves the CR bound on subspace accuracy is derived, and examples are given for the applications of adaptive beamforming with a line array and DOA estimation with a planar array. The new algorithm requires far fewer snapshots (e.g. 10 to 100 times fewer) than the typical eigenvector approach to achieve a given level of performance.

Publication Title

Conference Record - Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers