Attendance at type 1 diabetes camp improves nutrition knowledge in children and adolescents

Kaitlyn Whipple, University of Rhode Island


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to systematically assess nutrition knowledge before and after attending a diabetes camp enhanced with a 45-minute education intervention. Knowledge was assessed using the Nutrition Knowledge Survey (NKS), a tool that has been validated in 10-18 year olds with Type 1 Diabetes (T1DM). Methods: This study used a single group pre post design. Campers completed the pre NKS at start of camp. The intervention was provided early in camp, and campers completed the post NKS on the final day. Medical history and demographic data were collected from camp records. Changes in NKS score for all participants as well as separate analysis by age group was assessed using a paired t-test. Independent t-tests were used to assess the relationship between prior camp experience and NKS baseline score and PASE. Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) explored controlling for age. Results: Forty-seven eligible campers completed the Pre and Post NKS. There was a significant increase in NKS overall score (p=.002) and among those age 13-17 (p=.006) but not among those age 10-12 (p=.155) Conclusions: Attendance at a diabetes camp with a nutrition intervention as associated with a significant improvement in nutrition knowledge in children and adolescents with T1DM. Diabetes camps provide a safe and supportive environment to help children and adolescents improve glycemic control and are opportunities to improve nutrition knowledge.

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Recommended Citation

Kaitlyn Whipple, "Attendance at type 1 diabetes camp improves nutrition knowledge in children and adolescents" (2015). Dissertations and Master's Theses (Campus Access). Paper AAI1586538.