The physiological demands of walking during golf
Aim: The aim of this study was twofold: 1) to measure the physiological demands (heart rate, energy expenditure, distance and amount of steps) on recreational golfers while playing 18 holes of golf 2) to compare the physiologic cost of golf to exercise standards set by the American college of Sports Medicine for providing positive health benefits along with a safe form of exercise. Methods: Thirteen male subjects (age range 20-58 years) agreed to participate in the study. The subjects were instructed to play golf and walk 18 holes while carrying their golf bags. The golf course used in the study was Fenner Hill Golf Club. A heart rate monitor was strapped to each player's chest, a foot pod to his shoe, and a pedometer to his waist, which captured the physiological demands, miles walked and total steps during the golf round, respectively. Results: The following group means ± S.D. data was found regarding the energy costs of playing 18 holes of golf: the average total steps taken for 18 holes of play was 11245.3 ± 1351.7, energy expenditure 1202.8 ± 465.2 kcal, heart rate 103.5 ± 13.2 bpm, METs 8.6 ± 3.1 ml/kg/min, percentage of HRmax 55.2 ± 7.4, and miles walked 5.4 ± 0.4. The total steps of 18 holes was significantly correlated with the following measurements: subject weight including the golf bag (r=-.556; p< 0.01), energy expenditure (r=-.894; p<0.01), and minimum heart rate (r = -.623; p <.05). Energy expenditure was positively correlated with METs (r=.744; p<0.01), average heart rate (r = .752; p<0.01) and energy expenditure and maximum heart rate (r = .668; p < 0.05). Conclusion: Walking and carrying a golf bag during recreational golf offers an attractive and effective alternative for individuals to participate in physical activity and provides a walking prescription (i.e. The caloric expenditure, total steps, and METs) that comply with the guidelines set by the American College of Sports Medicine for promoting a safe and healthy lifestyle that can lower the risk for hypokinetic diseases in inactive adults.
Joshua Michael Gabellieri,
"The physiological demands of walking during golf"
Dissertations and Master's Theses (Campus Access).