The need for affiliation: An examination of university students' loyalty toward MLB teams
The Social Identity Theory can play an important role in identifying the fan base for Major League Baseball (MLB) teams. The theory predicts that as one identifies more with a specific group or team, the level of loyalty felt toward that group or team would also increase. The present study examines the need for university students to affiliate with a group and the impact that affiliation may have on the loyalty felt toward a MLB team. Two questionnaires were administered to a sample of in-state and out-of-state students at the undergraduate level from the University of Rhode Island (URI). The main purpose of the first questionnaire was to identify the MLB team of choice for the majority of the convenient sampled URI students (n = 209). The second questionnaire was administered (at a later date) to the same groups of students sampled for the first questionnaire. The second questionnaire's purpose was to (1) to collect general demographic information about each participant, (2) to compare in-state URI students' need for affiliation to out-of-state URI students' level of need for affiliation, and (3) to identify the level of sport fandom (loyalty) that each participant possesses for the given (favored) MLB team. Results indicated that in-state students possessed higher levels of loyalty toward the MLB team of choice, while out-of-state students had a higher need to affiliate with a group. Results also indicated that there was a positive association between in-state students' level of need to affiliate and their level of loyalty felt toward the MLB team of choice for the majority of the URI students in the convenience sample.
Andrea C Keyes,
"The need for affiliation: An examination of university students' loyalty toward MLB teams"
Dissertations and Master's Theses (Campus Access).