Predictors of the utility of a relaxation and imagery-based meditation treatment for substance involved juvenile offenders

Michael Paul Ricci, University of Rhode Island

Abstract

Incarcerated adolescents face a number of physical and mental health-related problems. Substance use is one of the most common and most significant. Other problems that often co-occur with substance use in this population include depression, conduct disorder (CD), history of physical/sexual abuse and neglect, and negative affect. The literature currently describes the ability of meditation, relaxation, and imagery-based treatments to work well with these disorders in community and prison samples; however, these are relatively new areas of study, especially with incarcerated adolescents. Therefore, the primary aim of this research is to determine the conditions out of the aforementioned four (depression, CD, history of physical/sexual abuse and neglect, negative affect) that are most associated with decreased alcohol and/or marijuana use post-release for adolescents who underwent a Relaxation and Imagery Based-Meditation (RIB-M) training. Although regression models significantly predicted substance use and use of RIB-M post release, few statistically significant results were found for individual predictors. Examination of effect sizes suggests use of RIB-M is associated with less alcohol use and history of maltreatment is associated with use of RIB-M. In addition, helpfulness ratings of RIB-M were significantly associated with use of RIB-M techniques post-release. This study is an initial step in formulating and refining a RIB-Meditation treatment for incarcerated adolescents.

Subject Area

Clinical psychology|Criminology

Recommended Citation

Michael Paul Ricci, "Predictors of the utility of a relaxation and imagery-based meditation treatment for substance involved juvenile offenders" (2011). Dissertations and Master's Theses (Campus Access). Paper AAI1491278.
https://digitalcommons.uri.edu/dissertations/AAI1491278

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