Kristen M. Budd, Ph.D., is an associate professor of sociology and criminology at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. Her research focuses on sexually motivated interpersonal violence, including examining sexual assault incident characteristics, public perceptions of laws and policies that address sexual violence, and social and legal responses to the perpetration of sex crimes. Her publications have appeared in Sexual Abuse, Crime & Delinquency, Psychology, Public Policy, & Law, and other crime and policy journals. Her journal articles are available at https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Kristen_Budd2.

Alana Van Gundy, Ph.D., is an independent scholar. Her work focuses on the etiology of female offending, gender and human rights violations in female prisons, and the link between human and animal abuse. Her work appears in numerous sociology, criminology, and criminal justice publication outlets.

Rose Marie Ward, Ph.D., is a professor of kinesiology and health and associate dean of the graduate school at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. Her research interests are in the area of college student health, with a focus on both addictive/harmful behaviors (alcohol use, disordered eating, unsafe and unwanted sexual behavior).

Glenn W. Muschert, Ph.D., is a professor of sociology at Khalifa University of Science and Technology in Abu Dhabi, UAE. His research focuses on the sociology of social problems, including violence and digital inequality. His research has appeared in a variety of academic journals, scholarly books, and edited volumes in the fields of sociology, criminology, communications, and media studies.


One tool to help institutions of higher education (IHEs) to address campus sexual assault is the campus climate survey (CCS); yet little is known about the CCS implementation process. This study used a mixed methods approach to examine the implementation process of CCSs deployed during the 2015/16 academic year at 244 IHEs throughout the United States. Quantitative results indicate CCSs were designed primarily by the Title IX officer and campus administration; assessed victimization rates and knowledge about campus resources; and were voluntary. Qualitative findings generate concerns surrounding generalizability, participation rates, validity of data, and suggestions for improvement for future CCSs.

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