Simulation of an arterial incident environment with probe reporting capability
Intelligent transportation systems have created new traffic monitoring approaches and fueled new interests in automated incident detection systems. One new monitoring approach utilizes actual travel times experienced by vehicles, called probes, equipped to transmit this information in real time to a control center. The database needed to design and calibrate arterial incident detection systems based on probe travel times is nonexistent. A microscopic traffic simulation package, Integrated Traffic Simulation, was selected and enhanced to generate vehicle travel times for the incident and incident-free conditions on an arterial. We evaluated the enhanced model. Significant variations in probe travel times were observed in the event of incidents. Average travel time, contrary to average occupancy, may increase, decrease, or remain constant on arterial streets downstream of an incident.