My Private Lead Service Line
Date of Original Version
Homeowners’ decisions to replace their lead service lines (LSLs) can be complicated by factors including understanding of the science, perceptions of lead exposure risks, and cost of the work. First-draw and five-minute flush samples may not capture the peak lead concentration, further complicating a customer's replacement decision. In the author's case, sequential sampling indicated that LSL replacement for her home significantly lowered lead concentrations after stagnation.
Journal - American Water Works Association
Jeznach, Lillian C., and Joseph E. Goodwill. "My Private Lead Service Line." Journal - American Water Works Association 113, 1 (2021): 40-48. doi:10.1002/awwa.1650.