Freeze-fracture analysis of membrane events during early neogenesis of cilia in Tetrahymena: changes in fairy-ring morphology and membrane topography.

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A freeze-fracture analysis of early neogenesis of somatic and oral cilia of Tetrahymena was conducted using exponentially grown cultures and also cells induced to undergo oral reorganization. In this report, presumptive ciliary domains (PCDs), sites of future outgrowth of somatic cilia, are identified and their membrane structure is described in detail. The fairy ring, an array of membrane particles that occurs within the PCD and appears to be a precursor of the ciliary necklace, is described. A sequence of early stages in the formation of the ciliary necklace of somatic cilia is deduced from topographical information and membrane particle arrangements and numbers. Evidence is presented that basal bodies are seated at the cell surface prior to initiation of necklace assembly and a possible role for the basal body in necklace assembly is suggested. In dividing cells, new oral cilia grow out prior to orientation of cilia-parasomal sac complexes relative to cell axes. In dividing cells and during oral reorganization, new cilia also develop prior to their alignment into membranelles. Thus, growth of cilia is independent of their spatial orientation. Fairy rings were not observed during oral reorganization. During cell division, proliferation of new cilia is accompanied by the formation of a network of junctions between a cortical system of membranous cisternae, the cortical 'alveoli'. These interalveolar junctions may serve as tracks for early positioning and orientation of new oral basal bodies.

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Journal of Cell Science