Document Type


Date of Original Version





A newly synthesized electrolyte additive, lithium trifluoro(cyano) borate (LiBF3CN), has been investigated for electrochemical performance improvement of lithium metal batteries. The LiBF3CN has a structure where one fluorine atom of BF4 is substituted with a cyano group (−CN) prepared by the reaction of boron trifluoride etherate with lithium cyanide. The electrochemical performance in symmetric Li/Li cells and NCM523/Li cells is significantly improved upon the incorporation of LiBF3CN as an electrolyte additive into a carbonate-based electrolyte. Extensive characterization of the deposited lithium metal reveals that a thin (≈20 nm) and robust SEI composed of LiNxOy, Li3N and Li2O is formed by the reductive decomposition of the LiBF3CN additive, which plays an important role in decreasing the resistance and stabilizing lithium deposition/stripping. The insight into the substitution effect of a functional group obtained from this work provides guidance for the design of new electrolyte additives.

Publication Title, e.g., Journal

Journal of The Electrochemical Society





Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.