Novel operation and control of an electric vehicle aluminum/air battery system

Xin Zhang, University of Rhode Island
Shao Hua Yang, University of Rhode Island
Harold Knickle, University of Rhode Island


The objective of this paper is to create a method to size battery subsystems for an electric vehicle to optimize battery performance. Optimization of performance includes minimizing corrosion by operating at a constant current density. These subsystems will allow for easy mechanical recharging. A proper choice of battery subsystem will allow for longer battery life, greater range and performance. For longer life, the current density and reaction rate should be nearly constant. The control method requires control of power by controlling electrolyte flow in battery sub modules. As power is increased more sub modules come on line and more electrolyte is needed. Solenoid valves open in a sequence to provide the required power. Corrosion is limited because there is no electrolyte in the modules not being used. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.