Thermal dispersion and heat transfer in nonisothermal bubble columns

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Local axial and radial temperatures were measured at steady-state conditions in a 0.078-m-I.D. bubble column heat exchanger. Nitrogen and water superficial velocity ranges were 0-0.6 m/s and 0-0.02 m/s, respectively. Average column pressures were 3.0, 5.1, and 7.1 atm. The axial temperature profile varied significantly with all conditions encountered. Radial temperature profiles were found to be nearly constant, indicating very good radial mixing. An axial thermal dispersion heat transfer model, capable of representing nonisothermal systems, was employed to characterize the measured bubble column temperature profiles. Thermal dispersion was apparent from large temperature changes in the entrance of the bubble column. Heat transfer coefficients depended on the gas and liquid flow rates. However, the thermal dispersion coefficients depended on linear gas velocity and were a weak function of liquid flow rates. The thermal dispersion coefficients obtained in this study were found to be consistent with other investigations. In addition, they were compared to the mass dispersion coefficients obtained by other studies and found to be in good agreement. © 1983, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. All rights reserved.

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Chemical Engineering Communications