Optimization of Acetalated Dextran–Based Nanocomposite Microparticles for Deep Lung Delivery of Therapeutics via Spray-Drying

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Nanocomposite microparticle (nCmP) systems exhibit promising potential in the application of therapeutics for pulmonary drug delivery. This work aimed at identifying the optimal spray-drying condition(s) to prepare nCmP with specific drug delivery properties including small aerodynamic diameter, effective nanoparticle (NP) redispersion upon nCmP exposure to an aqueous solution, high drug loading, and low water content. Acetalated dextran (Ac-Dex) was used to form NPs, curcumin was used as a model drug, and mannitol was the excipient in the nCmP formulation. Box-Behnken design was applied using Design-Expert software for nCmP parameter optimization. NP ratio (NP%) and feed concentration (Fc) are significant parameters that affect the aerodynamic diameters of nCmP systems. NP% is also a significant parameter that affects the drug loading. Fc is the only parameter that influenced the water content of the particles significantly. All nCmP systems could be completely redispersed into the parent NPs, indicating that none of the factors have an influence on this property within the design range. The optimal spray-drying condition to prepare nCmP with a small aerodynamic diameter, redispersion of the NPs, low water content, and high drug loading is 80% NP%, 0.5% Fc, and an inlet temperature lower than 130°C.

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Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences