Preparation and characterization of ceramic thin film thermocouples
Date of Original Version
Indium tin oxide (ITO), alumina doped zinc oxide (ZnO) and NiCrCoAlY/alumina nanocomposites were systematically investigated as thermoelements. These ceramic thermoelements were initially tested relative to a platinum reference electrode and the resulting thermoelectric properties were evaluated. Bi-ceramic junctions comprised of the most stable and responsive ceramic thermoelements, i.e. those thermoelements with the largest and most stable Seebeck coefficients relative to platinum, were fabricated and tested. A bi-ceramic junction based on nitrogen-doped ITO:oxygen-doped ITO exhibited excellent high temperature stability and reproducibility, however, this thermocouple pair had a relatively low Seebeck coefficient (6 μV/°C). Alumina doped ZnO:ITO thermocouples generated a very large electromotive force at low temperatures but lacked high temperature stability. When nitrogen-doped ITO was combined with a NiCoCrAlY/alumina nanocomposite, a very large and stable Seebeck coefficient (375 μV/°C) was realized. Ceramic thermocouples based on several candidate materials were demonstrated at temperatures up to 1200 °C and the potential of using these materials in other thermoelectric devices including those for energy harvesting is discussed. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Thin Solid Films
Gregory, Otto J., Eike Busch, Gustave C. Fralick, and Ximing Chen. "Preparation and characterization of ceramic thin film thermocouples." Thin Solid Films 518, 21 (2010): 6093-6098. doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2010.05.102.