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Date of Original Version



Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences


The impact of liver cancer metastasis on protein abundance of 22 drug-metabolizing enzymes (DMEs) and 25 transporters was investigated using liquid chromatography-tandem accurate mass spectrometry targeted proteomics. Microsomes were prepared from liver tissue taken from 15 healthy individuals and 18 patients with cancer (2 primary and 16 metastatic). Patient samples included tumors and matching histologically normal tissue. The levels of cytochrome P450 (CYPs 2B6, 2D6, 2E1, 3A4, and 3A5) and uridine 5′-diphospho-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs 1A1, 1A6, 1A9, 2B15, 2B4, and 2B7) were lower in histologically normal tissue from patients relative to healthy controls (up to 6.6-fold) and decreased further in tumors (up to 21-fold for CYPs and 58-fold for UGTs). BSEP and MRPs were also suppressed in histologically normal (up to 3.1-fold) and tumorous tissue (up to 6.3-fold) relative to healthy individuals. Abundance of OCT3, OAT2, OAT7, and OATPs followed similar trends (up to 2.9-fold lower in histologically normal tissue and up to 16-fold lower in tumors). Abundance of NTCP and OCT1 was also lower (up to 9-fold). Interestingly, monocarboxylate transporter MCT1 was more abundant (3.3-fold) in tumors, the only protein target to show this pattern. These perturbations could be attributed to inflammation. Interindividual variability was substantially higher in patients with cancer. Proteomics-informed physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models of 50 drugs with different attributes and hepatic extraction ratios (Simcyp) showed substantially lower drug clearance with cancer-specific parameters compared with default parameters. In conclusion, this study provides values for decreased abundance of DMEs and transporters in liver cancer, which enables using population-specific abundance for these patients in PBPK modeling.

Publication Title, e.g., Journal

Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics





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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.