Mitochondrial and metabolic dysfunction in ageing and age-related diseases
Date of Original Version
Organismal ageing is accompanied by progressive loss of cellular function and systemic deterioration of multiple tissues, leading to impaired function and increased vulnerability to death. Mitochondria have become recognized not merely as being energy suppliers but also as having an essential role in the development of diseases associated with ageing, such as neurodegenerative and cardiovascular diseases. A growing body of evidence suggests that ageing and age-related diseases are tightly related to an energy supply and demand imbalance, which might be alleviated by a variety of interventions, including physical activity and calorie restriction, as well as naturally occurring molecules targeting conserved longevity pathways. Here, we review key historical advances and progress from the past few years in our understanding of the role of mitochondria in ageing and age-related metabolic diseases. We also highlight emerging scientific innovations using mitochondria-targeted therapeutic approaches.
Nature Reviews Endocrinology
Amorim, João A., Giuseppe Coppotelli, Anabela P. Rolo, Carlos M. Palmeira, Jaime M. Ross, and David A. Sinclair. "Mitochondrial and metabolic dysfunction in ageing and age-related diseases." Nature Reviews Endocrinology 18, 4 (2022): 243-258. doi:10.1038/s41574-021-00626-7.