Characterization of DNA adducts and tetraols derived from anti-Benzo[ghi]fluoranthane-3,4-dihydrodiol-5,5a-epoxide

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A total of seven DNA adducts and two racemic tetraols derived from anti-benzo[ghi]-fluoranthene-3,4-dihydrodiol-5,5a-epoxide (anti-B[ghi]FDE, 2) were characterized by analyses of UV, 1H NMR, CD, and MALDI mass spectra. The structure of 2 is the first example of a diolepoxide in which a fully fused cyclopentane ring is covalently linked to the saturated ring bearing the epoxide function. Compound 2 is also a conformationally rigid structure analogue of the extensively studied anti-benzo[c]phenanthrene-3,4-dihydrodiol-1,2-epoxide (anti-BcPDE), thus serving as a model for probing the diolepoxide-DNA interaction [Chang et al. (2002) Chem. Res. Toxicol. 15, 198-208 (following paper in this issue)]. The most abundant adducts are formed from trans- or cis-openings of the epoxide by the amino groups of either deoxyguanosine or deoxyadenosine. Adducts of minor abundance formed by the attachment of the diolepoxide to the amino group of deoxycytidine N4 and guanine N7 were also isolated. Post-source decay MALDI spectra of the (M + H)+ molecule ions are consistent with the assigned adduct structures. The lack of a typical benzylic proton at the site of deoxynucleoside attachment necessitated a new NMR assignment strategy. Despite the steric constraint, the epoxide ring opening of 2 occurred exclusively at the dibenzylic C5a, not at C5. The assignments on the trans- and cis-epoxide opening were made based on the molecular modeling structures, i.e., the pseudoaxial H5 in cis-adducts is placed directly under the strong influence of a shielding cone of the aromatic ring system, while the same proton in trans-adducts adopts a pseudoequatorial conformation, thereby protruding away from the aromatic ring system. The absolute configuration at the site of deoxynucleoside attachment (C5a) was tentatively assigned on the basis of the empirical rules that have been established for deoxynucleoside-adducts derived from traditional alternant PAH diolepoxides.

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Chemical Research in Toxicology