α,β-Methylene-2′-deoxynucleoside 5′-triphosphates as noncleavable substrates for DNA polymerases: Isolation, characterization, and stability studies of novel 2′-deoxycyclonucleosides, 3,5′-cyclo-dG, and 2,5′-cyclo-dT
Date of Original Version
We report synthesis and characterization of a complete set of α,β-methylene-2′-dNTPs (α,β-m-dNTP; N = A, C, T, G, 12-15) in which the α,β-oxygen linkage of natural dNTP was replaced by a methylene group. These nucleotides were designed to be noncleavable substrates for DNA polymerases. Synthesis entails preparation of 2′-deoxynucleoside 5′-diphosphate precursors, followed by an enzymatic γ-phosphorylation. All four synthesized α,β-m-dNTPs were found to be potent inhibitors of polymerase β, with Ki values ranging 1-5 μM. During preparation of the dG and dT derivatives of α,β-methylene diphosphate, we also isolated significant amounts of 3,5′-cyclo-dG (16) and 2,5′-cyclo-dT (17), respectively. These novel 2′-deoxycyclonucleosides were formed via a base-catalyzed intramolecular cyclization (N3 → C5′ and O2 → C5′, respectively). In acidic solution, both 16 and 17 underwent glycolysis, followed by complete depurination. When exposed to alkaline conditions, 16 underwent an oxidative deamination to produce 3,5′-cyclo-2′-deoxyxanthosine (19), whereas 17 was hydrolyzed exclusively to dT. © 2008 American Chemical Society.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Liang, Fengting, Nidhi Jain, Troy Hutchens, David D. Shock, William A. Beard, Samuel H. Wilson, M. P. Chiarelli, and Bongsup P. Cho. "α,β-Methylene-2′-deoxynucleoside 5′-triphosphates as noncleavable substrates for DNA polymerases: Isolation, characterization, and stability studies of novel 2′-deoxycyclonucleosides, 3,5′-cyclo-dG, and 2,5′-cyclo-dT." Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 51, 20 (2008): 6460-6470. doi:10.1021/jm800692a.