Document Type


Date of Original Version



Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences


Purpose: CR increases fatty acid oxidation to decrease tissue lipid content. The Nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)-Kelch like ECH associated Protein 1 (Keap1) pathway is an antioxidant gene regulatory pathway that has been previously investigated in weight gain. However, limited interaction of Nrf2/Keap1 and CR exists. The purpose of this study was to determine how Keap1 knockdown (Keap1-KD), which is known to increase Nrf2 activity, affects the CR response, such as weight loss, hepatic lipid decrease, and induction of fatty acid oxidation gene expression.

Methods: C57BL/6 and Keap1-KD mice were maintained on 40% CR or fed ad libitum for 6 weeks. Hepatic lipid content, lipid metabolic gene, and miRNA expression was quantified.

Results: CR lowered hepatic lipid content, and induced fatty acid oxidation gene expression to a greater degree in Keap1-KD compared to C57BL/6 mice. CR differentially altered miRNA 34a, 370, let-7b* in livers of Keap1-KD compared to C57BL/6 mice.

Conclusions: CR induced induction of fatty acid oxidation gene expression was augmented with Keap1 knockdown, which was associated with differential expression of several miRNAs implicated in fatty acid oxidation and lipid accumulation.