Date of Award

2011

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Environmental Sciences

First Advisor

Thomas B. Boving

Abstract

A small scale RBF system was installed in a village near the Kali River in the state of Karnataka to evaluate the performance of riverbank filtration (RBF) under the hydrogeological and climatological conditions of southern India. A series of hydraulic and tracer tests were carried out along with periodic biological and geochemical monitoring of various water sources in the study area.

Hydrogen and oxygen isotopes highlight the impact of evaporation and irrigation at nearby rice paddies on the RBF production well. Dissolved silica data used to determine the relative contributions of surface and groundwater indicate that this RBF system derives approximately 28% of its water from the river. Even with nearly ¾ of the RBF water coming from groundwater, bacteria and metals data indicate that groundwater dilution does not appear to play a major role in pollutant reduction. Instead, other RBF removal processes, such as biodegradation and redox chemistry, are at work in the system.

Bacteria levels demonstrate at least 88% to >99% removal over currently used source waters. Despite this, Indian drinking water standards for E. coli are not consistently met and total coliform standards are never met in the RBF system. Bacteria levels are higher during the three month monsoon season. Average dissolved metal levels meet Indian standards for all metals analyzed. A community survey carried out before and after RBF installation shows significantly improved health indicators amongst RBF water users. In summary, this pilot-scale project demonstrates an RBF system that is welcomed by the host community and provides water of higher quality than other water sources in this study area.

Comments

A supplemental poster for this thesis is available at http://digitalcommons.uri.edu/discovery/2011/posters/5/, or for download under "Additional Files" below.

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