Date of Award

2015

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Nutrition and Food Sciences

First Advisor

Geoffrey Greene

Abstract

Background: Fiber intake has been shown to be higher in normal weight children compared to overweight and obese children. However, the effect of family-based interventions have been inconclusive.

Objective: To determine if a family-based weight management intervention, which has been successful at lowering BMI Z-score, has an effect on energy adjusted dietary fiber intake and other markers of dietary quality.

Methods: Sixty-six children ages 6-11 and their guardians participated in a 16 week nutrition and physical activity intervention. Guardians and children completed a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) during the first and last sessions. The FFQ provided information about fiber, macronutrients and micronutrients.

Results: Children increased fiber from 8.65±2.00g/1000kcal to 9.48±2.26g/1000kcal (p

Conclusion: The intervention was associated with an increase in fiber density and a reduction in energy intake, which was reflected in a decrease in BMI Z-score, without compromising micronutrient intake.

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