Date of Award

2015

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Nutrition and Food Sciences

First Advisor

Geoffrey Greene

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to systematically assess nutrition knowledge in children and adolescents before and after attending a diabetes camp enhanced with a 45- minute education intervention. Knowledge was assessed using the Nutrition Knowledge Survey (NKS), a tool that has been validated in 10-18 year olds with Type 1 Diabetes (T1DM).

Methods: This study used a single group pre-post design. Campers completed the pre NKS at start of camp. The intervention was provided during camp, and campers completed the post NKS on the final day. Medical history and demographic data were collected from camp records. Changes in NKS score for all participants as well as separate analysis by age group was assessed using a paired t-test. Independent t-tests were used to assess the relationship between prior camp experience and NKS baseline score.

Results: Forty-seven eligible campers completed the Pre and Post NKS. There was a significant increase in NKS overall score (p = .002) and among those ages 13-17 (p=. 006) but not among those age 10-12 (p =. 155)

Conclusions: Attendance at a diabetes camp with a nutrition intervention as associated with a significant improvement in nutrition knowledge in children and adolescents with T1DM. Diabetes camps provide a safe and supportive environment for children and adolescents to improve nutrition knowledge.

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