Date of Award

1980

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Community Planning

First Advisor

Dennis C. Muniak

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to examine the failure of some clients in a job training program to complete the program and to be placed in jobs. The paper addresses two principal questions: who drops out, and why? Before the analysis begins, however, one must set the failure to achieve a successful program outcome in the context of the basic goals of job training.

The problem of structural unemployment among the disadvantaged divides into two basic issues. There is a lack of demand for minorities, the poor, the ·uneducated, and the unskilled as workers. The disadvantaged, who are, by definition, poor, uneducated, unskilled, and disproportionately from minority groups, offer an overabundant labor supply to this unwilling market. Where the needs of the demand side and the qualifications of the supply side begin to approach one another, a third difficulty arises - matching supply (workers) with demand (jobs).

Public job training programs, such as those implemented under the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA), are not a panacea. They are not designed to cure the demand-side pathologies of the labor market; other measures, such as Affirmative Action legislation and tax incentive policies, must serve to remedy institutional discrimination. Job training can and does deal with the supply side and matching problems.

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