Date of Award

2013

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Chemistry

Department

Chemistry

First Advisor

Radha Narayanan

Abstract

Palladium nanoparticles (Pd NPs) provide high activity in catalyzing Suzuki cross coupling reaction, which is the most versatile reaction for forming carbon-carbon bond, due to its high surface to area ratio. Silica colloids are used as the support for Pd NPs to provide heterogeneous catalysis for the reaction. Size factor is very important in the activity of the catalyst.

Four different sizes of Pd NPs stabilized by Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) are synthesized using seed-mediated growth method and supported onto silica colloids. Besides that, four different sizes of silica colloids were synthesized as the support of seed Pd NPs. All of the catalysts were used for Suzuki reaction of phenylboronic acid and iodobenzene. The size effect of the PdNPs supported by silica colloids was compared by comparing the activity of each of the catalysts. We found out that the smaller the size of the Pd NPs, the higher the activity of the catalyst. In addition, the smaller the size of the silica colloids, the higher the activity of the catalysts.

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