Date of Award

2013

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Mathematics

First Advisor

Nancy Eaton

Abstract

A graph G(V,E) is a structure used to model pairwise relations between a set of objects. In this context, a graph is a collection of vertices (representing the objects) and a collection of edges (representing the relation) that connect pairs of vertices. It is possible to represent a graph using an adjacency matrix, but often this is not the most efficient representation of the relation. In studying graph representation, the object is to capture the structure of the graph more efficient using a variety of other discrete structures.

This work considers path representations of graphs. Consider a host graph, H. A path representation [H : r : q] of a target graph G is a labeling in which each vertex is assigned a unique path of length r found in H in such a way that if uv ∈ E(G), then the Pr assigned to u and the Pr assigned to v have at least a Pq in common. This study considers representations in which the host tree is the com- plete graph on n vertices, [Kn, r, q] which will be referred to as Pr,q-representations.

This work also considers the area in graph theory known as vertex-coloring, specifically coloring planar graphs, and explores a special class of planar graphs called "coils".

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