Document Type

Article

Date of Original Version

2014

DOI

10.1007/s11071-014-1737-y

Abstract

Estimates of quantitative characteristics of nonlinear dynamics, e.g., correlation dimension or Lyapunov exponents, require long time series and are sensitive to noise. Other measures (e.g., phase space warping or sensitivity vector fields) are relatively difficult to implement and computationally intensive. In this paper, we propose a new class of features based on Birkho ff Ergodic Theorem, which are fast and easy to calculate. They are robust to noise and do not require large data or computational resources. Application of these metrics in conjunction with the smooth orthogonal decomposition to identify/track slowly changing parameters in nonlinear dynamical systems is demonstrated using both synthetic and experimental data.

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