Date of Award
Master of Arts in Marine Affairs
On March 23, 1975 oil leaked out of an oil retention pit at a drilling site owned by L.O. Ward. Ward was an Oklahoma wildcatter and the owner and operator of L.O. Ward Oil and Gas Operations. The spilled oil ran down a gully and into Boggie Creek. Boggie Creek is a tributary of the navigable Arkansas River. The discharge of oil from Ward's property therefore amounted to the discharge of a harmful quantity of oil within the meaning of Section 1321 (b)(3) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act and also a harmful quantity within the meaning of regulations promulgated by the Environmental Protection Agency pursuant to its Federal Water Pollution Control Act authority.
Cohen, Mark, "Ward v. Coleman, Cert. granted (Sub nom. United States v. Ward): A Fifth Amendment Problem in the Enforcement of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act" (1980). Theses and Major Papers. Paper 59.