Date of Original Version
The changing nature of work organization includes modification in the type of work performed, increasing working hours, as well as increasing competition stemming from globalization. These factors combined with declining quality of life and health habits are among the main reasons that continue imposing a financial burden to many employers in the United States and they are reflected in increasing health care costs, employee absenteeism and costs of employee turnover. Many organizations have attempted to target the issue by providing health promotion programs directed at reducing health care costs to the employer while improving productivity. To what extent can these programs effectively assist the employer in achieving positive results in regards costs, productivity and employee retention?