Date of Original Version
Background: Methods for identifying physiologically relevant T-cell epitopes are critically important for development of vaccines and the design of therapeutic proteins. As the number of proteins that are being evaluated for putative immunogenicity expands, rapid and accurate tools are in great demand. Several methods to identify T-cell epitopes have been developed, the most recent of which is a cell free system consisting of a minimal set of proteases incubated with HLA DRB1*0101, HLA-DM and whole antigen. Isolation and sequencing of the HLA bound peptides using mass spectrometry allows for the prospective identification of immuno-dominant T-cell epitopes.
Results: We present here, a comparison of this cell free in vitro antigen processing system to an immunoinformatics approach using the EpiMatrix algorithm. Our comparison reveals that in addition to identifying a similar set of epitopes to the cell-free system, the immunoinformatics approach prospectively identifies more HLA-DRB1*0101 epitopes and can simultaneously analyze multiple HLA alleles.
Conclusions: Although the cell-free system incorporates antigen processing and MHC binding, the immunoinformatics approach identifies many validated epitopes with a very high degree of accuracy and can be performed much faster with far fewer resources.
Messitt, T. J., Terry, F., Moise, L., Martin, W., & De Groot, A. S. (2011). A comparison of two methods for T cell epitope mapping: “cell free” in vitro versus immunoinformatics. Immunome Research, 7(2): e6.
Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/1745-7580.1000045
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