A mediational coping model of sociopersonal well-being and quality of life
The current study assessed relationships between latent measures of stress, coping, and sociopersonal well-being and quality of life (QOL). A latent variable mediational model was proposed, hypothesizing that coping would be a significant mediator between stress and QOL. The process of mediational coping is theoretically explained using pragmatic and teleological applications of need motivation and goal directed behavior (Maslow, 1968, 1971), and behavioral specificity, delay of gratification, and context (Mischel, 1973, 1986). Social learning and humanistic concepts are synthesized within a discussion of ontological, epistemological, and methodological congruence and parallelism. Exploratory, confirmatory, and latent variable analyses were performed. Results indicated that 10 composite variables resulted in a well-fitting 3-factor confirmatory model (CFI = .93). The factors were: (1) sociopersonal well-being and QOL, (2) stress, and (3) coping. Model testing indicated that a partial mediational model, with an additional path from stress to well-being and QOL fit well for men and women (CFI = .93). Multiple sample analysis indicated that the parameter estimates were significantly different by gender. The final gender specific models indicated that the model for women held up (CFI = .91), and all parameters were significant. However, for men, the path from coping to well-being and QOL was not significant (CFI = .93). Post hoc analyses on the differential gender effects of perceived coping and negative cognitive processing indicated that cognitive processing was more strongly related to stress for men than for women and was not a significant direct predictor of well-being for either sex. MANOVA by gender, corrected for familywise error, revealed significant differences on five of the 10 composite variables. Women reported significantly higher levels of perceived stress and physical symptoms, and significantly lower levels of past satisfaction with life (SWL), current SWL, and mental/physical health/esteem than men. No significant gender differences on variables related to future life direction and satisfaction expectations were found. Results are discussed in terms of multivariate QOL and well-being assessment, issues related to theory, philosophy of science related to QOL, and psychometric generalizability. Finally, the results are currently being used for psychometric normalization work the family of QOL instruments. ^
Psychology, Social|Psychology, Psychometrics
William Burton Disch,
"A mediational coping model of sociopersonal well-being and quality of life"
Dissertations and Master's Theses (Campus Access).