RECIDIVISM AMONG MALE DWI FIRST OFFENDERS AND INTERVENTION
In response to the growing national concern toward drunk driving many states have been reevaluating their strategies for deterrence and recidivism prevention. The present study is based on a proposal which was submitted to and funded by the Massachusetts Division of Alcoholism. The purpose of the study was to identify the High Risk drunk driver, to implement a treatment program which would make an impact on the recidivism rate, and to reduce the drinking behavior of the drunk driver. Hypotheses to be tested were the relationship between treatment and recidivism and the relationship between relapse prevention training and relapse. Identification of the high risk drunk driver was determined by subjects' scores on the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST), the Mortimer-Filkins Test, BAC level, history of alcoholism treatment or alcohol arrests plus the presence of specific symptoms of alcoholism. Ninety-six subjects located at three different sites in Southeastern Massachusetts were divided into two groups: a Relapse Prevention Model and a Phase II Model. The Relapse Prevention Model consisted of 16 weeks of skill training and relapse prevention training to include the participation of significant others. The Phase II model consisted of a thorough 3 session assessment. Subjects were drawn from a pool of first time DWI offenders referred by the court for mandatory Driver Alcohol Education. Subjects were screened as to High or Low Risk and then randomly assigned to either the treatment group--The Relapse Prevention Model or the comparison group-the Phase II Model. Subjects were evaluated on the following variables: drinking behavior, recidivism, and training effects of the social skills component as measured by the Situational Competency Test. Results indicated that at the 9 month follow-up only 5% of the subjects had recidivated. Subjects from the treatment group relapsed at a slower rate than similar subjects from the comparison group. Treatment subjects did significantly better on the Situational Competency Test than did the comparison subjects. ^
MICHAEL R OBOLENSKY,
"RECIDIVISM AMONG MALE DWI FIRST OFFENDERS AND INTERVENTION"
Dissertations and Master's Theses (Campus Access).