Resilience in ex-refugees from Cambodia and Vietnam
This study focused on resilient ex-refugees from Cambodian and Vietnamese with the goal of identifying resiliency factors and their underlying processes, in order to inform the development of intervention programs for future refugees to reduce psychopathological outcomes of their trauma. ^ A sampling of 10 Cambodians and 10 Vietnamese participants, ages 29 to 67, were recruited. The inclusion criteria for this study were self-identification as an immigrant from Cambodia or Vietnam who (1) left their country of origin at age six or older; (2) originally arrived in the U.S. on refugee status; and (3) reported being relatively satisfied with how their life is going. The men and women participated in a semi-structured interview with open-ended questions, which included items on: (1) demographics; (2) emigration and resettlement; (3) cultural disruption; (4) language acquisition and difficulties; (5) general coping strategies; (6) trauma experience; and (7) coping resources/skills/strategies. The participants were also filled out several self-reports assessing PTSD symptomatology, trauma experience, and well-being indices. ^ This study found similar risk and protective factors as those included in the transactional model of resiliency (Kumpfer, 1999), which can be categorized as intra-individual traits, cognitive processes, inter-individual traits, coping behaviors, and past learning. However, there were differences in that the participants in this study did not endorse the need for understanding or attaching meaning to their past trauma. In addition, the ability to differentiate and to choose between acceptance or change-oriented skills were more reflective of resilience. ^ The key processes to positive coping were found in the interaction between individual and environmental factors, as in all human behaviors. When an acute stressor is introduced, it is the transaction between these factors and the positive outcome that determines resiliency in the person. This study found that resilience is a complex transactional system, suggesting that interventions to promote particular factors will have a positive systemic impact. It is not essential to fully delineate the underlying mechanisms of resilience in order to promote positive coping. The results of this study suggest that resiliency can be taught by increasing self-efficacy and enhancing a sense of coherence. ^
Social Work|Psychology, Clinical|Sociology, Ethnic and Racial Studies
Lynne Ee Lin Yong,
"Resilience in ex-refugees from Cambodia and Vietnam"
Dissertations and Master's Theses (Campus Access).