Periodic acoustic radiation from a low aspect ratio propeller

John David Muench, University of Rhode Island


An experimental program was conducted with the objective of providing high fidelity measurements of propeller inflow, unsteady blade surface pressures, and discrete acoustic radiation over a wide range of speeds. Anechoic wind tunnel experiments were preformed using the SISUP propeller. The upstream stator blades generate large wake deficits that result in periodic unsteady blade forces that acoustically radiate at blade passing frequency and higher harmonics. The experimental portion of this research successfully measured the inflow velocity, blade span unsteady pressures and directive characteristics of the blade-rate radiated noise associated with this complex propeller geometry while the propeller was operating on design. ^ The spatial harmonic decomposition of the inflow revealed significant coefficients at 8, 16 and 24. The magnitude of the unsteady blade forces scale as U4 and linearly shift in frequency with speed. The magnitude of the discrete frequency acoustic levels associated with blade rate scale as U6 and also shift linearly with speed. At blade-rate, the far-field acoustic directivity has a dipole-like directivity oriented perpendicular to the inflow. At the first harmonic of blade-rate, the far-field directivity is not as well defined. ^ The experimental inflow and blade surface pressure results were used to generate an acoustic prediction at blade rate based on a blade strip theory model developed by Blake (1986). The predicted acoustic levels were compared to the experimental results. ^ The model adequately predicts the measured sound field at blade rate at 120 ft/sec. Radiated noise at blade-rate for 120 ft/s can be described by a dipole, whose orientation is perpendicular to the flow and is generated by the interaction of the rotating propeller with the 8th harmonic of the inflow. At blade-rate for 60 ft/s, the model under predicts measured levels. ^ At the first harmonic of blade-rate, for 120 ft/s, the sound field is described as a combination of dipole sources, one generated by the 16 th harmonic, perpendicular to the inflow, and the other generated by the 12th harmonic of the inflow parallel to the inflow. At the first harmonic of blade-rate for 60 ft/s, the model under predicts measured levels. ^

Subject Area

Engineering, Mechanical|Physics, Acoustics

Recommended Citation

John David Muench, "Periodic acoustic radiation from a low aspect ratio propeller" (2001). Dissertations and Master's Theses (Campus Access). Paper AAI3025555.