Effects of HIV behavioral interventions for men who have sex with men - United States, 1988-2014

H. Elsa Larson, University of Rhode Island


Men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States continue to experience disproportionate HIV disease burden. Historically, most HIV prevention research has focused on reducing sexual risk behaviors through individual-level behavior change interventions. To date, behavioral interventions have not reduced HIV incidence among MSM and combination prevention approaches that package behavioral interventions with additive biomedical or structural interventions are now recommended. The last meta-analysis of HIV behavioral interventions for MSM was conducted in 2008. Since then sixteen new rigorous trials have been identified. New evidence and new recommendations justify an updated meta-analysis to identify the most promising and relevant features of behavioral interventions to be used in new combination approaches. This study aimed to calculate an updated effect size for MSM-specific HIV behavioral interventions, identify moderators of effect size, examine cumulative effect sizes over time, and describe trials that addressed more than one behavioral outcome (“integrated interventions”). (Abstract shortened by ProQuest.)^

Subject Area

Public health|Behavioral sciences|Quantitative psychology

Recommended Citation

H. Elsa Larson, "Effects of HIV behavioral interventions for men who have sex with men - United States, 1988-2014" (2016). Dissertations and Master's Theses (Campus Access). Paper AAI10100303.